Slavery – Crash Course US History #13

Slavery – Crash Course US History #13

Hi, I’m John Green, this is Crash Course U.S.
History, and today, we’re going to talk about slavery,
which is not funny. Yeah, so we put a lei on the eagle to
try and cheer you up, but let’s face it, this
is going to be depressing. With slavery, every time you think, like,
“Aw, it couldn’t have been that bad,” it turns
out to have been much worse. Mr. Green, Mr. Green! But what about – Yeah, Me from the Past, I’m going to stop you right
there, because you’re going to embarrass yourself. Slavery was hugely important to America. I mean, it led to a civil war and it also lasted what,
at least in U.S. history, counts as a long-ass time,
from 1619 to 1865. And yes, I know there’s a 1200-year-old church
in your neighborhood in Denmark, but we’re not
talking about Denmark! But slavery is most important because we still
struggle with its legacy. So, yes, today’s episode will probably not
be funny, but it will be important. [Theme Music] So the slave-based economy in the South is
sometimes characterized as having been separate from
the Market Revolution, but that’s not really the case. Without southern cotton, the North wouldn’t have been
able to industrialize, at least not as quickly, because
cotton textiles were one of the first industrially products. And the most important commodity in world trade
by the nineteenth century, and 3/4 of the world’s
cotton came from the American South. And speaking of cotton, why has no one mentioned
to me that my collar has been half popped this entire
episode, like I’m trying to recreate the Flying Nun’s hat. And although there were increasingly fewer slaves
in the North as northern states outlawed slavery, cotton shipments overseas made northern
merchants rich. Northern bankers financed the purchase of
land for plantations. Northern insurance companies insured slaves
who were, after all, considered property, and
very valuable property. And in addition to turning cotton into cloth
for sale overseas, northern manufacturers
sold cloth back to the South, where it was used to clothe the very slaves
who had cultivated it. But certainly the most prominent effects of
the slave-based economy were seen in the South. The profitability of slaved-based agriculture,
especially King Cotton, meant that the South
would remain largely agricultural and rural. Slave states were home to a few cities, like
St. Louis and Baltimore, but with the exception
of New Orleans, almost all southern urbanization took place in the upper
South, further away from the large cotton plantations. And slave-based agriculture was so profitable
that it siphoned money away from other economic
endeavors. Like, there was very little industry in the
South. It produced only 10% of the nation’s manufactured
goods. And, as most of the capital was being plowed into
the purchase of slaves, there was very little room for
technological innovation, like, for instance, railroads. This lack of industry and railroads would
eventually make the South suck at the Civil
War, thankfully. In short, slavery dominated the South, shaping
it both economically and culturally, and slavery
wasn’t a minor aspect of American society. By 1860, there were four million slaves in
the U.S., and in the South, they made up one
third of the total population. Although in the popular imagination, most plantations
were these sprawling affairs with hundreds of slaves, in reality, the majority of slaveholders
owned five or fewer slaves. And, of course, most white people in the South owned
no slaves at all, though, if they could afford to, they
would sometimes rent slaves to help with their work. These were the so-called yeoman farmers who
lived self-sufficiently, raised their own food, and
purchased very little in the Market Economy. They worked the poorest land and, as a result,
were mostly pretty poor themselves. But even they largely supported slavery,
partly, perhaps, for aspirational reasons, and partly because the racism inherent to the system
gave even the poorest whites legal and social status. And southern intellectuals worked hard to
encourage these ideas of white solidarity
and to make the case for slavery. Many of the founders, a bunch of whom you’ll remember,
held slaves, saw slavery as a necessary evil. Jefferson once wrote, quote, “As it is, we
have the wolf by the ear, and we can neither
hold him, nor safely let him go. Justice is on one scale, and self-preservation
in the other.” The belief that justice and self-preservation
couldn’t sit on the same side of the scale
was really opposed to the American idea, and, in the end, it would make the Civil War inevitable. But as slavery became more entrenched in
these ideas of liberty and political equality were
embraced by more people, some southerners began to make the case
that slavery wasn’t just a necessary evil. They argued, for instance, that slaves benefited
from slavery. Because, you know, because their masters fed
them and clothed them and took care of them
in their old age. You still hear this argument today, astonishingly. In fact, you’ll probably see asshats in the
comments saying that in the comments. I will remind you, it’s not cursing if you
are referring to an actual ass. This paternalism allowed masters to see themselves
as benevolent and to contrast their family-oriented
slavery with the cold, mercenary Capitalism
of the free-labor North. So yeah, in the face of rising criticism of
slavery, some southerners began to argue that the
institution was actually good for the social order. One of the best-known proponents of this view
was John C. Calhoun, who, in 1837, said this
in a speech on the Senate floor: “I hold that, in the present state of civilization, where two races of different origin and
distinguished by color and other physical differences
as well as intellectual, are brought together, the relation now existing in the slave-holding states
between the two is, instead of an evil, a good. A positive good.” Now, of course, John C. Calhoun was a fringe
politician, and nobody took his views particularly
seriously. Stan: Well, he was Secretary of State from
1844 to 1845. John: Well, I mean, who really cares about
the Secretary of State, Stan? Danica: Eh, he was also Secretary of War from
1817 to 1825. John: All right, but we don’t even have a Secretary
of War anymore, so… Meredith: And he was Vice President from 1825
to 1832. John: Oh my god, were we insane?! We were, of course, but we justified the insanity
with Biblical passages and with the examples
of the Greeks and Romans, and with outright racism, arguing that black
people were inherently inferior to whites. And that not to keep them in slavery would
upset the natural order of things. A worldview popularized millennia ago by my
nemesis, Aristotle. God, I hate Aristotle. You know what defenders of Aristotle always
say? “He was the first person to identify dolphins.” Well, ok, dolphin identifier. Yes, that is what he should be remembered
for, but he’s a terrible philosopher! Here’s the truth about slavery: It was coerced labor that relied upon intimidation
and brutality and dehumanization. And this wasn’t just a cultural system, it
was a legal one. I mean, Louisiana law proclaimed that a slave
“owes his master… a respect without bounds,
and an absolute obedience.” The signal feature of slaves’ lives was work. I mean, conditions and tasks varied, but all
slaves labored, usually from sunup to sundown,
and almost always without any pay. Most slaves worked in agriculture on plantations,
and conditions were different, depending on
which crops are grown. Like, slaves on the rice plantations of South
Carolina had terrible working conditions, but they labored under the task system, which meant
that once they had completed their allotted daily work,
they would have time to do other things. But lest you imagine this is like how we have
work and leisure time, bear in mind that they
were owned and treated as property. On cotton plantations, most slaves worked
in gangs, usually under the control of an overseer,
or another slave who was called a “driver.” This was back-breaking work done in the southern sun
and humidity, and so it’s not surprising that whippings – – or the threat of them – were often
necessary to get slaves to work. It’s easy enough to talk about the brutality of slave
discipline, but it can be difficult to internalize it. Like, you look at these pictures, but because
you’ve seen them over and over again, they don’t
have the power they once might have. The pictures can tell a story about cruelty,
but they don’t necessarily communicate how
arbitrary it all was. As, for example, in this story, told by a
woman who was a slave as a young girl: “[The] overseer… went to my father one morning
and said, “Bob, I’m gonna whip you this morning.” Daddy said, “I ain’t done nothing,” and he
said, “I know it, I’m going to whip you to
keep you from doing nothing,” and he hit him with that cowhide – you know
it would cut the blood out of you with every lick
if they hit you hard.” That brutality – the whippings, the brandings,
the rape – was real, and it was intentional, because, in order for slavery to function,
slaves had to be dehumanized. This enabled slaveholders to rationalize what
they were doing, and it was hoped to reduce
slaves to the animal property that is implied
by the term “chattel slavery.” So the idea was that slaveholders wouldn’t
think of their slaves as human, and slaves
wouldn’t think of themselves as human. But it didn’t work.
Let’s go to the Thought Bubble. Slaves’ resistance to their dehumanization
took many forms, but the primary way was by
forming families. Family was a refuge for slaves and a source of
dignity that masters recognized and sought to stifle. A paternalistic slave owner named Bennet H. Barrow
wrote in his rules for the Highland Plantation: “No rule that I have stated is of more
importance than that relating to Negroes
marrying outside of the plantation… It creates a feeling of independence.” Most slaves did marry, usually for life, and,
when possible, slaves grew up in two-parent
households. Single-parent households were common, though,
as a result of one parent being sold. In the upper South, where the economy was
shifting from tobacco to different, less labor-intensive
cash crops, the sale of slaves was common. Perhaps one-third of slave marriages in states
like Virginia were broken up by sale. Religion was also an important part of life
in slavery. While masters wanted their slaves to learn
the parts of the Bible that talked about being
happy in bondage, slave worship tended to focus on the stories of Exodus,
where Moses brought the slaves out of bondage, or Biblical heroes, who overcame great
odds, like Daniel and David. And, although most slaves were forbidden to
learn to read and write, many did anyway. And some became preachers. Slave preachers were often very charismatic
leaders, and they roused the suspicion of
slave owners, and not without reason. Two of the most important slave uprisings
in the South were led by preachers. Thanks, Thought Bubble. Oh, it’s time for the Mystery Document? We’re doing two set pieces in a row? All right.
[buzzing noise] [music] The rules here are simple. I wanted to re-shoot that, but Stan said no. I guess the author of the Mystery Document. If I am wrong, I get shocked with the shock
pen. “Since I have been in the Queen’s dominions
I have been well contented, yes well contented
for sure, man is as God intended he should be. That is, all are born free and equal. This is a wholesome law, not like the southern
laws which puts man made in the image of God
on level with brutes. O, what will become of the people, and where
will they stand in the day of judgment. Would that the 5th verse of the 3rd chapter
of Malachi were written as with a bar of iron, and the point of a diamond upon every
oppressor’s heart that they might repent of this
evil, and let the oppressed go free…” All right, it’s definitely a preacher, because
only preachers have read Malachi. Probably African American, probably not someone
from the South. I’m going to guess that it is Richard Allen,
the founder of the African Methodist Episcopal
Church? [buzzing noise]
DAAAH, DANG IT! It’s Joseph Taper, and Stan just pointed out
to me that I should have known it was Joseph
Taper because it starts out, “Since I have been in the Queen’s dominions…” He was in Canada. He escaped slavery to
Canada. The Queen’s dominions! All right, Canadians, I blame you for this,
although, thank you for abolishing slavery
decades before we did. [electric sounds] AHHH! So, the Mystery Document shows one of the
primary ways that slaves resisted their oppression:
by running away. Although some slaves like Joseph Taper escaped
for good by running away to northern free states, or even to Canada, where they wouldn’t
have to worry about fugitive slave laws, even more slaves ran away temporarily, hiding out
in the woods or the swamps, and eventually returning. No one knows exactly how many slaves escaped
to freedom, but the best estimate is that a thousand
or so a year made the journey northward. Most fugitive slaves were young men, but the
most famous runaway has been hanging out behind
me all day long: Harriet Tubman. Harriet Tubman escaped to Philadelphia at
the age of 29, and over the course of her life, she made about 20 trips back to Maryland
to help friends and relatives make the journey
north on the Underground Railroad. But a more dramatic form of resistance to
slavery was actual, armed rebellion, which
was attempted. Now, individuals sometimes took matters into
their own hands and beat or even killed their
white overseers or masters. Like Bob, the guy who received the arbitrary
beating, responded to it by killing his overseer
with a hoe. But that said, large-scale slave uprisings
were relatively rare. The four most famous ones all took place in a
35-year period at the beginning of the 19th century. Gabriel’s Rebellion in 1800 – which we’ve
talked about before – was discovered before
he was able to carry out his plot. Then, in 1811, a group of slaves upriver from
New Orleans seized cane, knives, and guns, and
marched on the city before militia stopped them. And in 1822, Denmark Vesey, a former slave
who had purchased his freedom, may have organized
a plot to destroy Charleston, South Carolina. I say “may have” because the evidence against him
is disputed and comes from a trial that was not fair. But regardless, the end result of that trial
was that he was executed, as were 34 slaves. But the most successful slave rebellion, at
least in the sense that they actually killed some
people, was Nat Turner’s in August 1831. Turner was a preacher, and with a group of
about 80 slaves, he marched from farm to farm
in South Hampton County, Virginia, killing the inhabitants, most of whom were women
and children, because the men were attending a
religious revival meeting in North Carolina. Turner and 17 other rebels were captured and
executed, but not before they struck terror into the
hearts of whites all across the American South. Virginia’s response was to make slavery worse,
passing even harsher laws that forbade slaves from
preaching, and prohibited teaching them to read. Other slave states followed Virginia’s lead and, by
the 1830s, slavery had grown, if anything, more harsh. So, this shows that large-scaled armed
resistance was – Django Unchained aside – not just suicidal, but also a threat to loved
ones and, really, to all slaves. But, it is hugely important to emphasize that
slaves did resist their oppression. Sometimes this meant taking up arms, but usually
it meant more subtle forms of resistance, like intentional work slowdowns or sabotaging
equipment, or pretending not to understand instructions. And, most importantly, in the face of systematic
legal and cultural degradation, they re-affirmed
their humanity through family and through faith. Why is this so important? Because too often in America, we still talk
about slaves as if they failed to rise up, when, in fact, rising up would not have made
life better for them or for their families. The truth is, sometimes carving out an identity as a human being in a social order that is constantly seeking to dehumanize you, is the most powerful form of resistance. Refusing to become the chattel that their masters believed them to be is what made slavery untenable and the Civil War inevitable, so make no mistake, slaves fought back. And in the end, they won.
I’ll see you next week. Crash Course is produced and directed by Stan
Muller. The script supervisor is Meredith Danko. Our associate producer is Danica Johnson. The show is written by my high school history
teacher Raoul Meyer and myself. And our graphics team is Thought Cafe. Every week, there’s a new caption to the Libertage,
but today’s episode was so sad that we couldn’t
fit a Libertage in… UNTIL NOW!
[Libertage Rock Music] Suggest Libertage caption in comments, where
you can also ask questions about today’s video that
will be answered by our team of historians. Thanks for watching Crash Course, and as we
say in my home town, don’t forget to be abolitionist.


  1. Edmund Ruffin was one of the Southerners who used the argument that slaves were better off than Northern immigrant laborers who would get worked to near death and then have no support system. But even if that premise is good, the conclusion should be "Let's better the lot of both slaves and immigrants," not "Let slaves be grateful they're not an immigrant working 16 hours in a coal mine and dying of black lung."

  2. Your use of the rectangle southern cross is disturbing. It's inaccurate and perpetuating a lie. You should do a video on how people have been duped into using the southern cross improperly by the KKK and the daughters of the confederacy.

  3. What irritates me is that some white people feel as if they can tell our story and our ancestors truth to us. Very upsetting. You wouldn’t even know the half of it.

  4. Slavery and Colonialism have nothing to do with White People. it a lot to do with christianity. the Bible endorse it.

    White people in the past they are the victim of their ignorant just like the rest of us around the world.

    looking for compensation and reparations? Call VATICAN in ITALY


  6. You can't talk about slavery in America without talking about Anthony Johnson, the man who made slavery legal in America

  7. It was 150 years ago. There is no one alive today that has ever met a slave or a slave owner, Get over it.

  8. Look, we Vikings had top of the line slavery laws and we did not discriminate either. Actually all our slaves where white but that was just because we didnt go to Africa. My point is we refined slavery and had plenty of demands on it. I feel like we dont get enough credit for our excellent and progressive attitude towards owning other humans.

  9. "Refusing to become the chattel that their masters believe them to be is what made slavery untenable and the Civil War inevitable… slaves fought back, and in the end, they won." <– Can you elaborate on this? To make this claim, I think you need to show a causal link between this slave resistance and how white abolitionists eventually acquired enough political & military power to abolish slavery.

  10. Can you do a crash course about tigon law in New Orleans… maybe I’m spelling it incorrectly but basically it was a law that prevented African American and creole women from wearing there hair out?

  11. Reality check
    Only 350 thousand slaves in the United States not 4 million.
    Four million slaves were sent to Brazil.
    Not a single word about black own slave holders.
    Look it up.

  12. Not a word about Andrew Jackson who as president caused South Carolina to come close to succeed at the time

  13. After the Civil War and the freedom of slaves nothing happened.
    Slaves were free but they couldn't find work or even vote
    Look that up

  14. In no way do I justify slavery by saying what I’m about to say!!! Parents will do whatever it takes to better the life of their children good parents anyway that being said!!! If any black persons great great grandparents could have looked into the future and see how their children or children’s children lives would have been impacted by growing up in Africa or America after slavery do you actually think they would have it any other way than the way it is for you today I’m white and very happy that you all are here with the rest of us even if it meant your grandparents had to suffer because my grandparents would have suffered many lifetimes to know that I’m living a safe comfortable life in America

  15. It blows me away that people even today try to justify this evil by saying slaves benefitted from slavery.

  16. I hate slavery because it imported millions of blacks to the U.S. Had they not been imported, today America would have:

    -A violent crime rate equal to that of Norway (i.e., we'd be the 8th-safest country on Earth).
    -Higher standardized test scores, on average, than every country except Japan and Singapore.
    -Healthcare costs cut in half.
    -A national prison population of 500,000 instead of 2.5 million.
    -Clean, safe inner cities.
    -Less tax money spent on police, EMTs, and emergency room services.

    Slavery is yet another example of the 1% doing something for their benefit, and screwing the rest of us over in the process. America would be a paradise today were it not for our black population. For that reason alone, I curse the founders of US slavery. Should've left the spear-chuckers in the jungle.

  17. Slaves lived better life than they would in Africa. Black Americans should feel lucky today they don’t live in West Africa

  18. Hey idiots, the question isn't whether slavery was right or wrong, but why Blacks were allowed to stay in America. Whites absolutely refuse to commune with Blacks.

  19. Thank you for the quick lesson. You know there was a series on tv called Underground backed by John Legend that framed the perspective of the slave beautifully in that they had to act one way to survive but understood that they had to be prepared to run in a flash and that death and torture was always possible. But they still persevered to get to freedom. After the end of the 2nd season when an entire white family that owned slaves were murdered by the slaves on their plantation; the network WGN ended the series. They said the network WGN was going in a different direction. This was their highest rated show on the network at the time in 2016 – 2017. I honestly don't think the exec's could handle the possibilities of these thing ever happening, their fear made them cancel an excellent show. So, so sad. Present day, these fears dictate how black people are viewed in 2019. FEAR.

  20. It's an interesting story the history of slavery. It existed from time immemorial, and still exists today in parts of the world. People became slaves a lot of the time because they were defeated in battle, sometimes because they were kidnapped, and other times because they were born into it. The process of abolition was long, and difficult. If you were defeated in battle you were likely going to be a slave. If you were part of a people who were vulnerable to conquest from other stronger nations you would likely become a slave. From our earliest recorded history it took almost 6000 years to oust the industry that corrupted the human soul like no other.

  21. Some people are such scum its unbelievable. I dont just mean white dudes either, im well aware it was ultimately loads of white people that went to war to help liberate slaves and even that africans sold there own people. There can be a lot of evil in the human heart regardless of colour, and considering the times these slaves lived in you have to admire how brave and dignified they were, poor bastards I hope there is an afterlife for their sakes…

  22. Not ALL Black people arrived to the Americas on Slaves Ships in 1619 during the great Trans Atlantic Slave Trade.
    History of the California Blacks Nation Califians (Khalifians) The First Americans
    *According to, author James W. Loewen in his best selling book “Lies My Teacher Told Me,” virtually none of  the body of knowledge,  as taught in  school curricula and World History, has an ounce of truth. (Regarding the American Holiday: Thanksgiving)

    The idea that Europeans brought civilization to America  flips the truth on its head. Here is what an expedition of European explorers actually found upon their arrival to North American in 1580. !!!!
    Read through to the end for the hidden  history of the California Black Native Americans. !!!!!
    History of the California Blacks Nation Califians (Khalifians) The First Americans. ( Amerrique ).
    *According to, author James W. Loewen in his best selling book “Lies My Teacher Told Me,” virtually none of  the body of knowledge,  as taught in school curricula and World History, has an ounce of truth. !!!!!!
    (Regarding the American Holiday: Thanksgiving).
    Facts & Truth listen up to my peoples truth from American Autochonus Indigenous Black Aborigines ( Copper to Black ) to Slaves and finally forced to become classified by the White Colonists oppressors, as Negros, it was against the law or illegal for Slaves to own land..
    The idea that Europeans brought civilization to America  flips the truth on its head. Here is what an expedition of European explorers actually found upon their arrival to North American in 1580. Read through to the end for the hidden  history of the California Black Native Americans.
    Note :
    Robert Beverly’s ‘American Holocaust’ Account ;
    “Far and away the most beautiful city on earth. Five times the size of London or Rome. Great towers and buildings rising from the water.

    Sixty thousand gleaming houses, how spacious and well built the were, of beautiful stone work and cedar wood and wood of other sweet scented trees.

    Her many streets and boulevards were so neat and well sweep despite the multitude of inhabitants, criss cross with a complete network of channels like an enormous venice, but also remarkable floating gardens that remind of no where else on earth,” Beverly said.

    While Europeans were drinking gutter water from polluted city rivers, huge aqueducts transported America’s water from fresh springs.

    “But what impressed most, were special merchant areas filled with timber and tile and other building materials being  bought and sold. As well as green grocers streets where everyone could buy  every sort of vegetable, fruit, honey, past and chocolates.

    Astonished by personal cleanliness and hygiene of the colorfully dressed populous and by their extravagant use of soaps, deodorant and breath sweeteners.” — American Holocaust – Robert Beverly.
    Long  before Europe – coming out of their ‘dark age’ – realized that the world was not flat, there were nations  that were scientifically advanced. There were highly civilized populations with an abundance of gold and  wealth who’s history spanned thousands of years.
    Ancient America was notably one of the most advanced civilizations in antiquity.
    This was before Christ, before, the Spaniards, !!! before  Mexicans, !!! before the Clovis people who crossed the Barring Straights, before what is now known as the Native American Indian or Euro conversions. !!!!!!

  23. “Slaves werent beat everyday” okay well im being owened, beat often, forced to do work, raped, living in horrid conditions, separated from my family, living in extreme fear, loosing my children and parents, loosing my culture, loosing my history, not being educated on anything besides work, people i know are being killed or used for research. BUT HEY every SINGLE day im not being beaten so that just fine……………..please learn.

  24. Ok think about this, without such slavery, the country wouldn't have nearly as much population and progress would have set back hundreds of years

  25. Black people sold black people into slavery to the Spaniards and other people The muslims also were part of the slave culture but they refused to talk about that also.

  26. Slavery has been mankind's most popular form of alternative energy for tens of thousands of years. Domesticating slave animals was a huge step in the advancement of civilization. Egyptians couldn't have built their great temples and burial monuments without the use of their Lower Nile and sub Saharan beasts of burden.

  27. Without slavery, blacks would still be like those "uncontacted" tribes in the Amazon. Libs don't what THEM to be given the benefits of civilization, either.

  28. It's still debatable why, once Africans became useless in the wake of the Civil War, we failed to get rid of them like Lincoln and others suggested. Worthless Africans have been an albatross around America's neck for over a century and a half.

  29. Excellent coverage of the horrible people in US history. Trying to put numbers to this horrible period in US history. Do you agree with Wikipedia: About 600,000 slaves were transported to America, or 5% of the 12 million slaves taken from Africa. About 310,000 of these persons were imported into the Thirteen Colonies before 1776: 40% directly and the rest from the Caribbean. As I am second generation from Norway, I will pass on any guilt. Vikings took British slaves!

  30. satanic ILLUMINATI NWO IMF CFR IRS Fed Gov, Fed Res, ROTSchilds created NAACP , anti defamation league , ACLU, by ROTSchilds. satanic ILLUMINATI ROTSchilds GENERAL Albert Pikes knights of the golden circle Became KKK..
    First CEOs were ROTSchilds.

  31. I wonder how things will be when my people open their blinded eyes, rise up and take our rightful place? I wonder , if whites became slaves will whites still feel its a benefit to the slaves to be abuse a person?
    In the words of MLK, "I have a dream. That oneday whites will be the slaves of blacks. Oneday, we will honor that good Christian bible given by the white man to our people " Do unto the others as they have done to us". And we will love our white slaves as much as the black slaves loved their masters.
    Lastly, no human being can own another human being, period! And I need somebody to explain to me, how the blacks just allowed themselves to be in bondage? Tell you what, you will never see white folks in slavery cause them cocksuckers will never allow that. Not without a fight! Something blacks failed to do.
    Wake up and live in peace. Love thy neighbor, but watch thy neighbor too.

  32. They didn’t enslave black people because they thought blaxk people deserved to be enslaved. It was because it is a lot easier for a white person to hide in a city full of white people then a black person. It’s just easier and more practical to enslave people who stand out

  33. YOU seem to forget… OR NEVER WERE TAUGHT the ACTUAL WORDS of OUR CONSTITUTION, which DECLARED "ALL MEN ARE CREATED EQUAL" …. WHICH (by the way) Fredrick Douglas POINTED OUT in his debate … a LITTLE POPULARIZED …. F A C T!

  34. This moment was by far the cruelest and most ruthless times to ever exist in human history. This evil was so inhuman its literally demonic to the core

  35. Why don't this white man talk about how Africans sold Africans to whites…or how Arabs did this before there was a America or how my people were enslaved by Africans or how slavery has always been the Bible…even better yet how about Africans who are now being sold as slaves…or even modern day slavery in America…it's called prison. Give us all the real stories on slavery white man.

  36. There is a vid on YouTube on "How the South rewrote the Civil War" that should watched by everyone who watches this video, that done by the daughters of the Confederacy, which is why their was so many statues of Confederate figures in non Southern areas in America.

  37. This comment section is

    99% people complaining about people who are trying justify slavery
    1% people who actually are trying to justify slavery

  38. One time in my world history class tried to defend slavery to the student teacher. Who was haveing an observation. With her boss sitting in the back of the room. It eventually got to a point where i and the person next to me turned around and simultaneously wisper-yelled "shut up *redacted*!!!"

  39. Race was invented to justify slavery. Working class Whites saw freedom as the opposite of bondage though the 1% screwed them too

  40. I'm disappointed in alot of these comments, instead of a 15min video how about read and get some knowledge…stop short a slave narrative hear what the slaves actually had to say…

  41. I've got to take exception with you on "Uncle Tom's Cabin," John. (I realize you talked about it in another video. Nevertheless, this post is on-topic, so I'm leaving it here.) I always thought it would be the maudlin, overwrought sob story you described. Then, back in the days of brick and mortar bookstores, I ran across a copy, read a few pages to make sure it was readable , bought it and read it . I'm still impressed with the many aspects Stowe addressed and amazed at just what an incredibly bad rap Uncle Tom has gotten.

  42. It is an ugly thing indeed what humanity is capable of unleashing upon itself. People who try to justify slavery with the old tired supply and demand really need to take a deeper look at how slaves were treated once the population in the US was large enough to sustain itself. Slaves were not only used to work the land, but were also forced to breed like livestock. They had no identity in the eyes of their master. They were seen no different than the computer I'm typing on now. I would suggest reading "Incidents in the life of a slave girl". It's on audible if you want, but you don't have a heart if you don't tear up through out it.

  43. Racism and slavery, and the belief that white men are better than African, is what lies at the root of evil in the slave trade in the new world. This is still with us today. Getting rid of slavery, did not overcome this problem. I am not speaking out for slavery, I am just saying that the senseless war between the status, may not have needed to happen, or when it did, there should have been a better idea of what everyone was going to do and where they would live once people let them go. I think that freeing the slaves was a beginning, but hear we are more than 100 years later, and it seems like we still have much work to be done, so that people can be free and equality can rule. The African American people are a very resilient people. They are hard working, and can figure out how to get by in life. But they deserve more.

  44. in middle east of asia, slavery was abolished 1400 years ago.. thanks to our prophet muhammad peace be upon him

  45. Harriet Tubman story was fake her real was Minty she didn't give a damn about no slaves her ex John Brown was the one who cared about freeing those slaves not Minty

  46. Slavery was an institution of the Democratic Party. The civil war was Northern Republicans v Southern Democrats over slavery. No republicans owned salves. The Democratic Party was then, is now, always will be the party of enslavement and oppression.

  47. The majority in the US are not willing to atone for slavery as a nation, and the subsequent racial domination and oppression of a large segment of American society, because it does not serve their self-interest. What is astounding is the resilience of the African American, and what they have been able to contribute and achieve in a nation that has worked extremely hard to marginalize them.

  48. Judah is awaken looking for there spoils . In the British museum. And reparations form America. . And our country from Israel .

  49. Only white americans of today think it wasn't that bad or black people should get over it , but they won't tell Jews to get over it or tell native Indians to get over it nor the Japanese to get over being locked in camps !


  51. Slavery was horrible and brutal and until modern Americans, in some generation, realize that it can't be whitewashed, we will never overcome it's still existing effects.

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